1. A world view is a set of pre-suppositions (assumptions which are not necessarily true, partially true or entirely false) which we hold (consciously or subconsciously, consistently or inconsistently) about the basic make-up of our world.
2. The overall perspective as seen by a group or individual from which the world is seen or interpreted.
3. An individual’s collection of beliefs about life and the universe held by an individual or a group.
We are asked to write on five different worldviews and major points of each. There are, of course, several other worldviews than those five. However, the top five major worldviews are Naturalism, Pantheism, Theism, Spiritism/Polytheism and Postmodernism. Each of these has their own sub-worldview categories; Naturalists have the atheist, the agnostic and the existentialist; Pantheism harbors the Tao and Buddhist followers; Muslims, Christians and Jews belong to the category of Theism; thousands of religious views such as Wiccan, those of the American Indian and any other tribal race fall under the category of Spiritism/Polytheism. Finally, most of the rest of earth’s inhabitants take on the worldview of Postmodernism.
For Naturalism, the belief is that everything can be explained on the basis of natural law and all that is incorporated within is one-dimensional. The belief is that all life is a process of evolution. The truth is based purely on scientific proof. All values and morals are subject to that same evolutionary process.
Under the views of Pantheism, reality is seen as false and only the spiritual realm exists in ultimate truth. God is a part of everything and everything is a part of God. Individuality is seen as the artifice. Rationalism has no meaning in Pantheistic belief. Therefore, there is no distinction between good and evil in moral conduct, only in being enlightened or unenlightened to the truth of the unity of the universe.
In Theism there is created by a singular god both material and spiritual worlds. All human creation is made in the image of that god and receives truth through revelation combined with natural senses and rationalism. Morals exist as mirrored through the moral character of the god who created them.
Spiritism and Polytheism hold the belief that there are many gods and spirits and/or demons that are responsible for creation and all that goes on in the world. All natural things have a spirit or a god assigned to them. Truth can be discovered about the natural world through the “shaman” (also known in some tribes as “medicine man”) who has visions of the spirit world, telling of what the gods and demons are doing and how they feel towards their creation’s actions. Any moral values are seen as a type of taboo where the individual is not to anger or disturb the spirits in attempt to live along in harmony.
Postmodernism is the last of the five major worldviews and as mentioned before is the view outside of the top four that belongs to the majority of individuals in current times and also has the capacity to intertwine with any of the other worldviews presently held. It exists to undermine the “traditional” worldviews by gaining footing in some of the most common and putting a skeptical spin on them. All of reality is understood through language and cultural archetype. Therefore, reality is communally fabricated. Individuals are just a product of their social situations or venues. The idea that they are self-governing and free is seen as myth and truth only acquires its nature through relatable and comparable pattern. Morals follow suit in that they are also a part of the paradigm of social constructs. All freedom of expression in any form, including owning up to not having the answers to life’s questions, is universal value.
Within all five worldviews is found the stem questions of “Who am I?” and “What is my purpose?” Finding to which worldview you belong is one more way that humans compartmentalize themselves. Sticking the defining label across the forehead of our souls in some way makes us feel better, accepted and being a part of something greater than the loneliness we run from in the quest for our freedom as an individual. We all long to be free and considered unique, yet we are eager to be considered as belonging under a certain category of like believers. As contradicting as this sounds, it proves the last worldview as having that footing in the other five viewpoints, constructing social pattern.
As for my favorite definition of a worldview, I think I will have to go with the Webster’s definition on this. It would be:
A framework of ideas and beliefs through which an individual interprets the world and interacts in it.
I think what I like most about it is that it defines the worldview as a
“framework”. I am an artist and know that framing a piece of art is just
as important as the art itself; however, it always remains that what
lies within the framework is the most important. So the question then
lies with what is within us, what are we made of that is consistent with
and connected to our framework? Our worldview does not make us. We
make the worldview.
Sominetimes, the day goes by when music is so much a part of the life of the day and other days, are more quiet and reserved for a good book or watching old movies in coziness.
Today combines both music and movie to create something along the lines of this:
My very dear friend came across this video. I had begun a research of material concerning the end of days and the scientific reason for the mass bird and fish deaths world wide. I had begun looking into HAARP, but the MSM had not mentioned anything in relation to governmental magnetic antennae farms performing experiments in these locations where the deaths had occured. I am placing this video on my front page, which also appears in my responses to the last blog on this same subject. I am also going to say that since the video had been made their have been reports provided from the government itself on poisoning of the grackels to control the over-population. It would seem that if this were so,…the communities in which this was going to take place would have been alerted to avoid any further problems, such as possible poison to humans that come in contact with the dead birds. I don’t know,…just my opinion.
Please feel free to comment on any of this or send any information.
Referred to me during a lunch break at the university, “Escape from Reason” by Francis Schaeffer.
It is called, “a penetrating analysis of trends in modern thought”.
I am looking to delve into the content to do a little analyzing myself. A few things have caught my attention, let alone the reference within the material to art history, one of my most beloved subjects for it encompasses all walks of life through philosophy, political science, sociology, anthropology, etc. etc.
Now, due to the fact I attend a Christian college, the book is, of course, written with the concept of Christianity being a main focus. It relates to how each of these categories, falling under art history, are intertwined with Christian beliefs.
Chpt. 3 touches on sexuality-
“The twentieth-century pornographic writers all trace their origin to the Marquis de Sade (1740-1814). The twentieth century now treats him as a very important man — he is no longer just a dirty writer. A generation ago, if anyone was found with one of his books in England he was liable to have difficulties with the law. Today he has become a great name in drama, in philosophy, in literature. All the nihilistic black writers, the writers in revolt, look back to de Sade. Why? Not only because he was a dirty writer, or even that he has taught them how to use sexual writing as a vehicle for philosophic ideas, but also basically he was a chemical determinist. He understood the direction that things would have to take when man is included in the machinery.”
But how does one view the material if they are of another religion?
What points of intellectual debate are founded for the Gnostic, the Atheist, the children of Modernism?
These are questions I will ask myself as I begin to read.